The Sustainable Development Agenda has been manifested in various formats of interaction between the international community since the second half of the last century. One of the first founding documents to solidify the importance of this agenda was the 1987 Brundtland Commission report entitled "Our Common Future"
. It was this report that reinforced the concept of sustainable development as meeting the needs of the current generation without compromising the future.
In many ways, this definition is consonant with the Soviet concept of "rational nature management", which is an analog and predecessor of the concept of sustainable development that appeared somewhat later in the West. The founder of the concept of rational nature management was the physicist, geographer, nature conservation practitioner D.L. Armand. In 1964, his book "To Us and Grandchildren" was published, in which a scientific approach to the use of natural resources as a priority and eternal values of the human community was first outlined.
Today's dialogue in terms of ESG (Environmental, Social, Governance) is supported by the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals
adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015, each of which carries a set of science-based metrics to ensure that these goals are measurable and achievable by the end of this decade. In turn, the SDGs became the successors of the eight Millennium Development Goals
, which in many ways showed their extreme ambition.